Motocultivador: Which is the best in 2021?
If you have a large rural property with plantations or a chicken farm, a device that can help you a lot is a cultivator! We have prepared an article with all the necessary information so that you can learn everything about it!
The motor cultivator is a machine that helps a lot mainly in rough terrain, on slopes or without enough size for the acquisition of a tractor. But, after all, how can he help you so much? And how to choose the one that best fits your needs? These are some of the points that we will talk about!
First, the most important
- For those who work on rural properties, mainly planting and with farms or aviaries, motocultivadores can be of great help.
- The biggest advantage of these equipments is the great time savings they allow, since they do jobs that could be long and complicated in a short period of time.
- It is possible to choose between gasoline or diesel engines, with each type being indicated for different needs of cultivators. The power also varies widely.
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The best cultivators: Our opinion
Some of the major brands in the agricultural machinery industry make great cultivators. We tested some of the most important models and selected the best ones to present you!
- A special cultivator for aviaries
- The best cost-benefit
- A cultivator for large areas
To inform you in depth about the cultivators, we researched the most frequent doubts that usually exist about this equipment.
In our buying guide, you will find detailed answers to all of them, the result of our in-depth research on the subject!
What is a cultivator and what is it for?
Motocultivador is a motorized equipment that is very useful for rural properties, especially if in rough terrain or small. It has similar functions to a tractor, but in a much smaller size. It is also called a tractor or microtractor.
There are many possible functions that a cultivator can perform: Flushing the soil, preparing the soil for planting, cleaning and clearing the path in the soil, making the terrain less rugged, among others. As you can see, the equipment is ideal mainly for pre-planting.
Another very important function that it has is for use in farms and poultry: It serves to turn or remove chicken beds. Some models are more suitable for this than others, having extra resistance to dirt and dust.
It is possible to operate cultivators standing or sitting, and there are models that run on gasoline or diesel.
Did you know that motocultivadores were brought to by the Japanese colony? In 1956, a company known as Marukyu Indústria de Máquinas started to import equipment of this type, but four years later, it was responsible for the first ones actually manufactured on national soil.
It is not by chance that many of the leading companies in the national cultivator market today, such as Toyama, Tobatta and Kawashima, have obvious Japanese roots.
What are the advantages of a cultivator?
The job of preparing land for planting is immense. If it is a large area, it can take days and ask for several workers. Whether on rough or steep terrain, the situation also consumes time that often the farmer does not have.
Therefore, the main advantage of the cultivator is the time gain it provides. Jobs that would take days are done quickly thanks to the power of this motorized equipment.
In addition, the cultivator is capable of carrying out various tasks, such as cleaning, fluffing, preparation and opening of the land, in addition, of course, the possibility of use in farms. This versatility makes it important for the farmer.
As it allows sitting work, the cultivator is comfortable and has no complicated operation. What would be an arduous service becomes much more relaxed.
The only disadvantages are the very high price and the fact that, depending on the size of the land and financial conditions, it may be better to purchase a tractor.
Check the table below for the advantages and disadvantages of the cultivator:
How does a cultivator work?
The cultivator runs on fuel, so it first needs to be powered. The engine will then start and can start. It is possible for the operator to choose between standing, pushing the equipment, or sitting, driving it like a small vehicle.
At the bottom of the cultivator, there is space for accessories to be placed on it. This is what will define what kind of work will be done. To prepare the land, for example, the hoe game is the most common, but several other options exist.
Among them, we can highlight deep hoes, potato harvesters, leveling planes, plows, front brushcutters, brooms, among others. Not to mention the accessories suitable for use in farms and poultry.
With the ideal accessory fitted to the cultivator, just drive it through the area that needs to be prepared, cleaned, cultivated or to be the target of any other activity.
Petrol or diesel cultivator?
It is possible to find petrol and diesel cultivators. Each of them has its advantages, which is why you need to know issues such as frequency of use and area to be covered in order to understand which one best suits your needs.
Gasoline engines produce lower noise levels and are easier to maintain. In addition, they are much cheaper. If you are not going to use it as often, it may be a good option.
On the other hand, diesel is a cheaper fuel than gasoline, which in the long run compensates for price differences between motocultivators.
Also note that gasoline is highly flammable, which requires extra care, especially regarding storage before long periods of inactivity. Diesel, in turn, generates much more environmental pollution than other types of fuel.
We have prepared a table comparing the two types of engines:
How should a cultivator be maintained?
Motocultivators are small vehicles and, therefore, they need to undergo constant maintenance in order to have a long service life. Among these precautions, changing oil, changing engine filters, watching tires, clutch cable and more.
Carefully follow the instructions in the cultivator’s instruction manual.
Observe carefully what the instruction manual says about the replacement of each component, especially those related to the engine. This is the most important and most expensive part of the cultivator, so a problem with it due to lack of maintenance can be irreversible.
You must take care of a cultivator really as if it were a vehicle, always aware of any possible problem. Put only fuel of good origin, pay attention to unusual noises, store it safely. Thus, he will be your companion for decades.
How much does it cost and where to buy a cultivator?
Prices of motocultivators vary according to the operation and power of the engine, the size of the equipment and the brand. We found simple models, with values close to R $ 1,000, and others that reach R $ 14,000.
You can find good motocultivadores in houses of agricultural products and specialized in machines for use in the field. Another option is to purchase online, however, stay tuned at the place of delivery due to the size of the order. Amazon is the best option, followed byinternational Amazon.
Purchasing criteria: Factors for choosing a cultivator
After all, how to choose your ideal cultivator? There are some technical criteria that need to be discussed and, to help you, we have selected four:
- Motor power
- Extra items
In the next lines, you will find more information about each one of them!
For agriculture in small or medium sized areas, for simple land preparation and other more basic functions, there is no need for the motor cultivator to have a very high power. In such cases, somewhere between 5 and 8 HP is recommended.
But when we talk about large areas, in rough terrain or on slopes and hills and in secondary activities such as cutting and harvesting, greater power becomes important. If you want to perform one of these functions or use your cultivator in such a place, choose a higher power.
Remember that for use in poultry there is also no need for high power.
You can choose a cultivator with standing, sitting or double handling. The former are best suited for small places and simple activities. If you buy equipment of this type, however, we imagine that you want all the comfort of operating it as if it were a tractor.
The space for the pilot should not be tight, offering good movement.
But even so, he must have good ergonomics: The space for the pilot must be sufficient, without requiring anyone to be tight and offering good movement. The levers and pedals need to be well positioned and at a safe and comfortable distance from the operator’s chair.
Also check that all the controls are well signposted, that the steering wheel is of good quality and that there is comfort in general in the operation of the equipment.
We mentioned that the work on the cultivators is done by a series of accessories that can always be changed: kits of small hoes, rotary hoes, front brushcutters, accessories for aviaries, among others. Nothing better than the equipment already having several of them, isn’t it?
Before finalizing the purchase, check how many accessories the chosen cultivator offers. The higher the number, the better the cost-benefit and less headache you will have to find them and make new purchases later.
You probably don’t want to have a motocultivator accident. The safety of the chosen equipment must be a priority. There are several issues that you can check to know that you can operate it smoothly.
Check if there is insulation of the fuel tank, if there is no risk of leaks, if there is an immediate engine shutdown mechanism, if the advance can be stopped immediately, if the brakes are of good quality and if there is protection against reverse when some accessories are in use.