Tangram: How to choose the best in 2021?
Do you know the tangram? Ancient puzzle game, the tangram has become an educational toy that helps children, adults and the elderly, both in the development of creativity and logical reasoning as in learning.
But do you know what types of tangram are currently on sale? In the following, we will show you the best games available on the market and the aspects that you must take into account to buy the ideal.
First, the most important
- The tangram is a puzzle formed from a square that, when decomposed, generates seven geometric figures.
- With these figures it is possible to assemble more than a thousand different shapes and images. Therefore, the tangram is a great ally for the development of reasoning and creativity.
- But to buy the best game it is worth observing the recommended age range, the number of pieces and the accessories that may be included.
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Choosing the best tangram is easier than it looks. But for that it is necessary that you understand some peculiarities of this game and how it is marketed today.
To assist you in this step, we have created this Buying Guide. From here, you will find out what it is for, how to use it, how much it costs and where to buy the best tangram puzzle.
What is tangram?
The tangram is a Chinese geometric puzzle. Composed of seven pieces of different shapes that together form a square, the tangram has been used for centuries as a form of fun and learning.
And, that is to say, it is used by both children and adults. Today, as we will see later in this article, there are many varieties of tangram. But the original consists of:
- Five triangles : Two large, two small and one medium;
- One square ;
- A parallelogram.
By joining all these pieces, which fit, but do not overlap, it is possible to create, in addition to the original square, infinite shapes and figures.
According to Encyclopedia of Tangram, a book with rules and challenges of this game, it is possible to assemble more than 5000 figures with its pieces.
So much so that today, in addition to being able to buy the puzzle, there are those who venture to create their own tangram by hand.
Still, in stores, you will find an attractive variety of this toy. They are options with different shapes, sizes, colors and quantities of pieces.
The great advantage, however, is that the tangram, more than a simple toy, is also a teaching and learning instrument.
How did the tangram come about?
The real origin of the tangram is not known for certain. But the story goes that the puzzle would have appeared around 1780, in China. Due to its success in eastern lands, however, it quickly reached Europe and then the United States.
From there, the tangram started to be widely used, mainly as a challenge. Such was the success that a Chinese woman would have written such a Tangram Encyclopedia more than 130 years ago.
This encyclopedia is believed to consist of six volumes and contains more than 1,700 problems to be solved with the puzzle.
here are several legends about how the tangram came about. One of them refers to a precious stone that would have broken into seven pieces and, with them, it was possible to create various shapes.
Another legend says that an emperor dropped a square mirror on the floor, falling apart into the seven pieces.
In any case, the fact is that the tangram has been played for centuries throughout the East and also in the West, having even been a source of inspiration for the creation of other types of toys and puzzles.
How to use the tangram and which figures to create?
To use the tangram you just need creativity and patience, just like with the common puzzles we know.
During the game, all pieces must be used and it is also not allowed to overlap any of them.
By rearranging the figures, it is possible to create both forms that we already know and others that creativity demands.
With the tangram, you can form animal figures like the cat and the swan, as well as images of people, houses, ships, among others.
More than that, the tangram can be used in math and geometry classes, as the puzzle encourages students to develop specific skills in the exact area.
What is the importance of Tangram in the teaching of mathematics?
The tangram is used by math teachers around the world as an instrument to help in the teaching and learning of geometric shapes. This educational game is effective especially in the early years of early childhood education.
However, as the development of creativity and logical reasoning also works, the tangram ends up being beneficial for the study of mathematics and science in general.
Check out other skills that the tangram can help to develop within the classroom:
- Recognition of geometric figures ;
- Learning about area and perimeter ;
- Motor skills when fitting the pieces;
- Development of creativity and reasoning .
Who is tangram recommended for?
In principle, one might think that the tangram would be beneficial only for children, but that is not true.
By better understanding how this puzzle works and its applications, it is clear that there are countless advantages to having a tangram at any stage of life. See the benefits for each age group:
- For children : The tangram is a source of discovery and fun. By playing and learning with colors and geometric shapes, and also creating fun pictures and images, the child also works on vision, motor and neurological skills;
- For young people : In this age group, the tangram will be a tool to facilitate the learning of mathematics and geometry. It is also functional to teach problem solving, without forgetting the playful and creative role of the puzzle;
- For adults : Adults and the elderly can also take advantage of the tangram. After all, the game works with creativity and reasoning and still serves as an instrument of concentration and relaxation.
What are the benefits of tangram?
As we have seen, the tangram requires the pieces to be positioned and rotated, leading the brain to work on the regions responsible for recognizing geometric shapes.
Therefore, when carrying out this activity, we explore areas and skills such as problem solving, reasoning and creativity.
Not to mention that, as we have seen, the puzzle acts as a facilitator of learning mathematics. After all, to assemble each figure it is also necessary to have planning and spatial notion.
Suggested lesson plan with tangram:
- Show students a tangram and talk about the shapes that make it up: Triangle, square and parallelogram;
- Divide students into groups and ask them to create a tangram using paper or cardboard, using scissors, a ruler and colored pencils.
- Then ask each person to create figures and images of cats, dogs, people, houses, boats, fish, etc.
- Work the colors of each created figure and propose that students create stories with the pieces and present them to the rest of the class.
Another advantage is that it is possible to find a good variety of games with varying size, shape and number of pieces. Such is its versatility that it is even possible to create the tangram itself.
On the other hand, if you prefer to buy this puzzle, either for yourself or as a gift for someone, it is important to consider that most games have dubious quality.
Often, the tangram pieces are made of fragile material. To summarize, we created a table with the advantages and disadvantages of the tangram. Look:
What is the price of the tangram and where to buy it?
Finding a tangram for sale is not difficult. The game is sold by toy stores, department stores and even some supermarket chains. Some places where you can buy the tangram are:
Buying online has more advantages.
But it is worth remembering that buying online has more advantages, including prices that are usually more attractive.
In addition, on the internet you can still find more tangram models and make the purchase of the comfort of home. If that is your option, we recommend Amazon.
In general, the tangram is a game with a great cost-benefit. You will find models that cost from R $ 15. However, if the idea is to acquire a more resistant and permanent puzzle, know that the most expensive ones are worth R $ 400.
Purchasing Criteria: How to Compare Tangram Types
As we have already mentioned, today there are several models of tangram. But do you know how to differentiate one option from another?
To make the right choice and buy the best of all, we recommend that you review some criteria. Are they:
- Number of pieces
- With or without book
- Size of parts
- Age range
Next you will understand how to analyze, in practice, each of these aspects that differentiate one tangram game from another.
Number of pieces
It may seem strange to consider the number of pieces in a tangram since it originally had seven pieces. But the fact is, that has changed.
Nowadays it is possible to find options for tangram puzzles with up to 60 pieces. Of course, the more pieces, the more creation possibilities are possible.
With or without book
It is very common to find the tangram accompanied by a book with examples of the figures that can be formed.
However, it is also worth taking into account the content of the book. The best options for sale have practical activities, often developed by educators, in addition to the seven tangram pieces.
Size of parts
Another point that you should note is the size of the pieces. Here you will find small, medium and large pieces.
Of course, this choice must take into account the child’s purpose of use and ability. For example, if the small is still very young, larger parts may be easier to handle.
For the larger ones, small parts can be a good challenge. Hence the importance of checking the following topic.
Since the tangram can come with many pieces, it is also important to check the indicative age of the toy.
Some models have smaller parts, which can end up posing a risk for younger children.
But in general, you will find the tangram that can be used from the age of three. Some models, more challenging, are suitable for children over 7 years.
uses of tangram in daily life
mathematics involved in tangrams