Tupia: How to choose the best one in 2021?
Today we will talk about tupia, a fundamental tool for the branches of woodwork and crafts. If you intend to buy one, we will bring you many tips so that you can make the ideal choice!
The router is the tool responsible for finishing the work done with wood. It is with a good use of it that you can differentiate yourself in the market, but the handling is not simple and requires a lot of skill.
If you want a new router or your first one, don’t worry! In the next lines, we are going to take all the doubts you may have about this tool. We’ll talk about differences between models, technical specifications, usage situations and more!
First, the most important
- The router is a tool used to cut and shape wood. There are three types: table, column and laminator. Each has its uses.
- For its operation, it is necessary to use milling cutters. These small utensils are sold separately, usually in large cases that contain several different types. It is good to know the ideal use of each cutter.
- The values of routers can range from R $ 220 to more than R $ 2,000, but this high figure refers more to table models, which are much larger and are for a very specific use. The most common columns and laminators usually cost around R $ 400.
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Ranking: The 4 best roulette models
There is a lot of quality and variety in the tupia models available in the Brazilian market. Many major tool brands have very competitive versions.
Below we select the models that stand out so that you can make your choice safely:
Do you still want to better understand the differences between the types of tupia and why is it important to have one of these? In the next lines, we will answer the main questions about these tools so used in carpentry. It is time to acquire knowledge about tupia and what it can produce!
What is a tupia and what is it for?
The router is a tool developed to be used on wood. She is responsible for finishing the pieces, whether they are handicrafts, furniture, doors or shelves.
It has an electric motor and a fixed base. It is on this base that the tweezers are, which can have different sizes, and the cutters, utensils that most of the time are sold separately and are responsible for cutting.
It is with the router that, for example, frames and carvings are made in wooden pieces. Care and skill are required to produce beautiful cuts. This is what will differentiate your work and make it recognized!
Because it is a heavy tool that operates at extremely high speeds, care must be taken with safety. Always wear protective equipment, such as glasses , gloves, thick clothing and possibly a mask. Avoid accidents!
Did you know that working with wood has always been a necessity of humanity?
For many, many years, everything was done manually, requiring much more time and dedication. The invention of tupia is quite recent, in the 20th century.
In 1915, almost unintentionally, the tupia appeared. Oscar Onsrud and his son Rudy designed a turbine to electrically power lights that would illuminate a train. The project was rejected, but the system was reused to cut wood. The world has unexpected resolutions!
What are the types of tupia and their differences?
There are three main types of router: column, laminator and table. They are different in their handling and usefulness.
Table routers are the rarest and most expensive. The price is usually quite high. They are used in a fixed way, usually for work in large woods. It is possible to replace them by inverting a copy of the other two types.
Among the column routers and laminators, it is possible to make a choice according to what is intended, or even to have both.
The column ones are much more versatile, allow depth regulation and are applied in various types of service. The laminators are special for edge laminating work on the side of the wood.
It is worth mentioning that some types of services can be performed by the two tools. You can use the column router when you want more power and faster resolution and the laminating router when your idea is to be more precise and delicate.
In the table below, we compare the two types:
What are milling cutters and how to choose them?
For the router to work, it is necessary to have a set of cutters. It is with these small blades that the wood will be cut and cut to the desired shape. They can be changed as the user wishes.
There are many types of cutters. They are usually purchased separately from the router and come in games that can contain dozens of units. Among the main types are cutters:
- Bearing lines;
- Breaks corner;
- For chamfer;
- For tear;
In the video below, from the Oficina Caipira do Pereira channel, there is a demonstration of a set of 36 cutters and the utilities of some of them:
Most routers are in the price range between R $ 300 and R $ 500. You will find both laminators and column models for these values. The cheapest available on the Internet is approximately R $ 225, but it is quite simple.
At the price ceiling, there will be models over R $ 2,000. Typically, these will be table routers.
It is worth remembering that you will also need to purchase cutters, whose values can vary between less than R $ 10 and more than R $ 200, also depending on the quality and usefulness.
Where to buy?
Hardware or construction material stores are the ones that will present more options of routers. Some large joiners, who also offer products for the exercise of the profession, will also have some models for sale.
The best option is to purchase over the Internet on sites like Amazon. you will find a range of models that is superior.
Online versions of large networks of tools and construction materials are also good ideas. In addition to buying from the comfort of home and receiving the product at the door, you usually find more attractive offers.
Purchasing criteria: What to consider when buying a router
So far, you may have already understood a lot about tupia, but to make your purchase you still need this essential information. These factors are important when choosing your router. We list some of them below:
- Extra items
- Safety rules
We will now explain the importance of analyzing each of these requirements and being successful in your choice.
The power of the router makes it easier to make the cutter reach great depths. Working with the tool should always be smooth, so forcing it too much is not recommended.
It is only important to have a powerful machine if you are actually going to do services that require more depth or more complex cuts. In precision work, ease of handling and skill are much more fundamental.
The clamp is the part of the router in which the cutters should be attached. Usually, models come in two or three size variations. The most common are 8 mm, 6 mm and ¼.
In order to take advantage of the router’s versatility, there must be a wide variety of cutters. And in order for the cutters to be used to their greatest potential, it is necessary to have clamps capable of supporting them. So stay tuned with this issue!
Did you choose a router and does it have a good number of clamps and cutters? Great! Long-term savings are guaranteed. It will be even better if it also comes with a briefcase, facilitating its storage and durability.
Other extra items that routers can bring are sandpaper (essential for a great finish), safety equipment, cutter change keys and protection plate. The more the better!
Consider an offer that offers a greater number of extra items, this will certainly save you money.
As we have already mentioned, the router is a tool that operates at very high speed. Therefore, if all safety rules are not strictly followed, both by the user and by the manufacturer, serious accidents can happen.
In addition to doing your part and using the necessary equipment, check that the chosen model meets the ABNT safety standards. Only then will you be sure that it is fully suitable for use.