Artesian Well Pump: How to choose the best one in 2021?
Today we are going to talk about an artesian well pump. If you need assistance with pumping and maintaining the flow during a drilling, you will certainly need to purchase a very high-quality model!
An artesian well is an excellent way to obtain a source of drinking water for a considerable number of people. Drilling and maintenance requires qualified professionals and, eventually, the pump will be necessary for optimal operation.
Do you know what you need to choose the ideal pump? What features and specifications does it need to have? How do you know if it fits your well? In the next few lines, we’ll talk about all of these issues!
First, the most important
- Artesian wells are increasingly used to provide independent sources of clean water rich in minerals. The advantages of building one in homes, condominiums or commercial establishments are quite clear.
- Eventually, the water will not flow out of the well as expected. It is in this case that a pump is needed. To find out which is ideal for drilling and how to do the installation, seeking professional help is always the best solution.
- A artesian well pump usually costs between R $ 600 and R $ 3,000, depending on the brand, the power and the depth reached.
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Best artesian well pump models: Our recommendations
Each artesian well has its own characteristics. No drilling will be exactly the same as the other. Therefore, the pumps also need to vary, according to each of these wells. We have selected excellent models that may be suitable for your well and we’ll talk more about them below:
- Matsuyama artesian well pump
- Schneider submerged pump
- Worker Multistage Pump
Now that you know great pump models for artesian wells and their specifications, let’s take questions about the purchase, use and installation of these products!
You must always be accompanied by professionals in the field, but it is essential to understand what is being done in your well.
What is an artesian well and what are its advantages?
An artesian well is characterized by being narrower and deeper than a conventional well. It fetches the water in layers quite distant from the subsoil and, therefore, regardless of the drilling location, the chance of finding it is 98%.
By seeking deeper places, probably where there are aquifers, the artesian well obtains a cleaner water and rich in mineral salts.
Another advantage is that the supply becomes independent. Whether for homes or businesses, the artesian well will be a constant source of water, without going through rationing or drought, or even paying bills to anyone.
The biggest concerns are the possibility of water contamination, which can happen if there are danger areas such as heavy metal industries or even gas stations in the neighborhood, and the bureaucracy required to drill.
See below the advantages and disadvantages of an artesian well:
What is an artesian well pump for?
One of the main characteristics of an artesian well is that it spurts water naturally, without the need for any accessories. However, most of the existing wells, due to local conditions, are only semi-artesian.
The design and construction of a semi-artesian well is exactly the same as an artesian well. The difference is that, in this case, the water does not have the capacity to flow by itself, needing a pump to reach the surface.
This pump will be responsible for pulling water from the bottom of the well, or from the point at which it arrives naturally, and making it reach the surface. Normally, the operation is from a motor and there is electricity consumption involved.
The name “artesian well” refers to the place where such a drilling was carried out for the first time: Artois, in France. In 1126, it was noted that water could flow naturally from the soil into a deep, narrow well.
However, it is believed that such wells could have existed even 6,000 years before that, with the Chinese mastering the technique. Anyway, the nomenclature ended up pioneering the French.
How to choose the ideal pump for your artesian well?
All artesian wells are different from each other. There are variations in width, depth, quality and flow of water, need for consumption, among other categories. Therefore, you will probably need the help of a professional to choose the ideal pump.
This professional will understand, for example, how to better explore the flow and volume of water produced per hour by his well.
Like wells, pumps have their own characteristics. All have an indication of depth and width, which must be respected within the minimum and maximum. It is necessary to understand if a certain power is indicated for a certain flow, for example.
We cannot, therefore, specify or table how you will choose the perfect pump.
Know exactly all the characteristics of your well (depth, width, flow of water, volume of water, height of the surface to which the water will be taken) and take it to the specialist. He will know which specifications best meet your needs.
How to install an artesian well pump?
The installation of the artesian well pump will require a safety cable, which will assist in the descent of the submerged motor and will connect with the piping, and of certain precautions with the electrical part, which is on the surface and can also be a bit of work.
Once again, we recommend that you call in a professional to do the installation, as several problems can happen if it is done with errors.
The price of an artesian well pump can vary according to the brand, the recommended depth and the power. Models recommended for wells with higher flow and deeper funds cost up to four times more than those for simpler drilling.
The cheapest models will possibly be found between R $ 600 and R $ 700, while the most expensive are between R $ 2,000 and R $ 3,000. How much you will spend on the pump depends, above all, on the well.
Where to buy?
Stores specializing in hydraulics, irrigation and building materials can be a good option when buying your pump. However, nothing like the companies specializing in artesian wells to help you at that time: this is where the best advice and models will be found.
If your idea is to buy over the internet, we recommend the Amazon, where great models are found.
Purchasing criteria: What to consider when buying an artesian well pump
Once you know the pump specifications you need, it’s time to choose from similar models from different brands. There are a few features that you need to take into account:
Below, we will explain each of these items better.
The power required for a pump depends a lot on the flow and volume of water in a well. The higher these numbers, the better it will be to have great power for constant operation.
There is no use using a high-powered pump in a well with a small flow or volume of water: this will cause the well to dry out.
It is on horses that the power of the pumps is measured. The number can be one or some fraction below that, for those less powerful, and even three or four.
An artesian well pump, in most cases, will spend years submerged, in contact with water, humidity and other agents of nature. Therefore, it must be made of very resistant materials.
Stainless steel is a great option. This is because it is a material that does not rust. We also recommend thermoplastics, such as vinyl and polyethylene.
Resistance is directly linked to the material, but there are also some other important issues. For example: some pumps are damaged by sand and other impurities. Depending on the well, this is not ideal.
If the water in your well is not that pure, you will need a pump that is resistant to all impurities that are common in the depth reached. The ideal, however, is that the artesian well can provide very clean water.
The vast majority of pumps operate on electrical energy. Therefore, you need to know the voltage of your city and compare it to the pump you intend to buy.
If the voltage in your city is greater than that of the pump, you will probably burn the appliance when you plug it in. The opposite is less drastic: there just won’t be any kind of operation. It is quite rare to find bivolt artesian well pumps.