Today we are going to talk about a device that allows us to eternalize a moment: the photographic camera. In recent years, the world of photography has undergone a revolution, as cell phone cameras are getting closer to professional ones in terms of image quality.
The trend is that cell phones have more and more space, but they will probably never take the space of professional and semi-professional cameras.
This article serves as a guide for you to have the best tips and be able to choose the camera that best suits your needs. Below, you can also check a list of the best equipment available on the internet.
First, the most important
- If you are unsure whether to choose between a professional camera or a semi-professional camera, the article will clarify your questions.
- Among the features you should look for in a camera before purchasing it are: Manual mode; ISO; Megapixels; Size and weight; Sensor and whether it saves in Jpeg or Raw.
- Professional cameras can vary greatly in price, and that depends on the level of professionalism they represent. The prices shown in the listing made in this article vary between R$1,000 and R$14,000.
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The Best Cameras: Our Choices
Think about how photography has changed over the past few years. If before you had to wait for a photo to be developed, now you can see it instantly through the camera’s viewfinder. And better, you can still repeat the photo without having to worry about how many poses the film has.
The most modern cameras have emerged to make our lives easier, offer high quality photos and, perhaps, give rise to a new hobby. Check out the best models on the market below:
- An option with a lot of quality
- Professional camera option
- Semi-professional camera option
- for occasional photographs
- Great option for photos and videos
Taking a photo has never been easier than it is today. Just notice how many pictures you have of your childhood, and how many you have of the most varied moments in your cell phone gallery. The interest in the best quality photo is also growing, and consequently the search for a better camera.
In this guide, you’ll find everything you need to know to buy the perfect model for your needs and budget.
What is a still camera?
Cameras are everywhere nowadays, as we live in the so-called “information age”.
Many people, who until then had no equipment to take pictures, now have a cell phone to record every moment. This generates a greater interest from people in the field of photography, which is interesting to move the market.
Just a click and you can eternalize that second, and in a way, relive that scene whenever your memory is stirred by photography. That’s what a camera provides: memories.
And even with the ease of cameras attached to smartphones, many still prefer professional and semi-professional cameras, which are the main focus of this article.
Cell phones will probably never replace these types of cameras – which stand out in professional photographic work – but they are already replacing the compact ones.
Do you remember those small cameras that became successful in 2005? You can see that the number of people who own compact cameras has decreased a lot.
Although these changes happen due to technology, one thing is a fact, professional and semi-professional cameras are here to stay.
What are its advantages and disadvantages?
Among the advantages of current cameras, quality is one of them. Cameras are increasingly innovative, and technology has been reflected in increasingly detailed photographs.
Cameras are increasingly innovative, and the technology reflects in quality photographs.
These equipments are a way to exercise creativity, because, through the manual mode of a camera, it is possible to “play” with light and create incredible effects.
Although they are still more expensive than most can afford, professional and semi-professional cameras have been manufactured by a wider range of companies, and this is reflected in the price, which has dropped in recent years.
What makes photography an expensive hobby is the price of accessories such as flash, tripod, lenses, which can greatly increase the value of the equipment. Also, another disadvantage of cameras, especially semi-pro and professional ones, is that people need time to learn how to configure them.
Many end up choosing to take a photography course. But with patience and dedication, it’s even possible to learn through YouTube.
Some people also have difficulty dealing with the weight of professional and semi-professional cameras. If that’s the case, start with a smaller, lighter equipment.
- photo quality
- Prices have become more affordable
- Diverse effects
- Expensive accessories
- Setup can be complicated
Professional or semi-professional photo camera?
When photography becomes a passion, it’s time to know if you’re going to opt for a professional camera or a semi-pro camera. Professional cameras, also known as DSLR, are more robust and therefore heavier.
They also have more buttons, which can be uncomfortable for beginners who have to get used to the different camera modes.
The semi-professional camera is considered a compromise between a compact camera and a professional camera, and therefore it is suitable for those who are starting to enjoy photography or someone who is at an intermediate level.
Check out some differences between professional and semi-professional cameras below:
|Professional camera||Semi professional camera|
|Weight||Heavier||Usually smaller and lighter|
|Roles||Provides greater control over the photo||Focus can be automatic|
|extra accessories||Changing lenses||There may not be a change of lenses|
How much does a photo camera cost?
You can find cameras for different prices, it all depends on the use you want to make of the equipment.
Professionals can find equipment that costs almost the price of a car. Not to mention the price of other accessories that you must purchase, such as lenses, tripods, flashes, etc.
Amateur and professional photographers can buy used equipment in good condition, and this is one of the most effective ways to save money in this business.
Professional cameras will be priced higher than semi-professionals, and so on. In this article, we’ve listed equipment that cost between R$1,000 and R$14,000 to provide you with more options.
Where to buy a photo camera?
Besides these, stores specializing in photographic equipment are also an excellent option. They also provide the advantage of having attendants who really understand the subject, and can help you with your queries.
After all, buying a photographic equipment without trying it out is quite risky, as you may become annoyed with certain aspects such as weight and size later on.
If buying used equipment is an option for you, search on sites OLX, which can find good products at economical prices. The recommendation is to check the seller’s ratings before making the purchase, as well as the status of the camera.
Obviously, the Internet is also one of the most viable options for finding a camera, especially because of the variety of models and best deals. Sites like Amazon, are places where you can find what you want.
Purchasing Criteria: Factors to Compare Photo Camera Models
Now you have a lot about a camera. But before you make your decision and finalize your purchase, we want to bring you very important information so that you are totally satisfied with the model you choose.
To evaluate a camera, there are some factors that are decisive, such as the following:
- manual mode
- Size and weight
- Raw or JPEG
Below, we will describe each of them so that you can make a choice that is in accordance with what you expect from a camera:
The more people learn about photography, the more likely they are to want to use manual mode on their photos, as it allows for more creativity in image light exposure controls.
While in automatic mode, the camera will decide for you what the aperture, ISO and shutter speed will be, in manual mode you have much more control, as it is up to you to decide on these 3 aspects.
Obviously auto and semi-automatic modes are great for people just starting out in photography, but once you get used to adjusting the controls manually, you’ll notice a big difference in your images.
That’s why it’s very important to check if the camera you want to buy has manual mode. Most professional cameras and semi-professional cameras have this mode, but this should be checked for each model.
Another very important factor in a camera is the ISO, which determines its sensitivity to light. By increasing the ISO it is possible to take pictures in low light situations without a flash.
Ideally, look for cameras that have an ISO of 1600 or more. Some professionals manage to reach ISO 102,000. But since not everything is perfect, the ISO can cause image problems such as grain and noise.
This is an undesirable effect, and as technology advances, cameras have improved more and more in this regard. This means that, currently, in more advanced cameras, even using a high ISO, you will still get a good image.
A tip for those looking for a camera is to search for images on the Internet taken with the model of camera you want. See the different ISOs used and the grain level of the image.
Megapixels are a famous parameter that people commonly use to buy a camera, but it’s a mistake to think that the amount of Megapixels defines the quality of your image.
It is not necessary to have a camera that has a large number of Megapixels, as this is only necessary if what you want is to print the images in large sizes.
To print quality 10x15cm or 13x18cm photos, you will need only 4 MegaPixels. A 20x25cm photo will use about 8 Megapixels to look good.
So when considering Megapixels, consider whether you really want to print images in large sizes. If that’s not your case, don’t get distracted by paying too much attention to it.
Size and weight
These features are very important, and ideally you should test the equipment before using it. That’s why buying cameras online turns out to be complicated, as it’s difficult to know if you will really adapt to the weight and size of the equipment.
In physical stores, you can test the camera on your face, for example, to see if its size is right for you. Feeling the equipment in your hands is also important, so you know if you are comfortable with it.
With regard to weight, the ideal is that, if you are a beginner, you opt for a lighter camera, to carry it everywhere and train your photographic skills to the full.
People who are at more advanced levels of photography are more used to carrying more robust and heavier equipment. You can test the model you want in a physical store and then search for it online.
One of the features that most cause doubts in relation to photographic cameras are the sensors. Many people do not understand what they are for and which ones are the best.
You should think of the sensor this way: the bigger it is, the more expensive and sophisticated the camera should be.
A Full Frame sensor, for example, has a size of 36x24mm, and offers the best quality images and depth of field, even in places with low light.
The APS-C sensor, which has 23.5×15.6mm on most models, is a little inferior to the Full Frame, but still manages to guarantee good photos. You’ll get similar quality, with high ISO levels for night photography and a high image resolution.
Raw or JPEG
The format in which the camera saves files can be Raw or Jpeg. Those that offer the possibility of saving files in both formats offer more flexibility in using the files.
The Raw format allows all the information that was captured by the sensor to be recorded in it, and this can be useful for editing the photo later.
Almost all professional and semi-professional cameras use both Raw and Jpeg formats. The compact ones, on the other hand, only use Jpeg. Don’t forget to check this important detail.