Planer: What are the best 2021 models?
We always seek to offer the best analysis of the most varied products. And today, it is no different, let your knowledge about planer very well aligned!
These massive furniture that people have at home, the woods are not that smooth. Tools such as planers are used for grinding and removing irregularities. Sandpaper finishes the process.
Over time, planers were also manufactured for use in metal. For professional use, or even hobby, the planer is essential when working with raw materials! And here we will present you tips, models and types, just follow us!
First, the most important
- Planers can be found in manual or mechanized (electric) format. The mechanized tool requires knowledge and prudence for operation, including the use of safety equipment.
- Planers can do everything from the rough roughing of a piece (mainly wood) to its final grinding. You can even determine the thickness of the part during its manufacture.
- For greater efficiency of the tool, the material submitted to the planer must be completely submitted to it, without interruptions, from end to end. It is very efficient for leveling parts.
Best planers: Our recommendations
Manual or electric, planers have the function of leveling, grinding and planing. We will introduce you to some of the best on the market, for use in both work and hobby activities.
- The best overall planer with smooth finish
- The preferred planer of online users
- Manual Metal Planer – Sparta
Planers thin, trim and level materials. They are essential tools for those who deal with woodwork. Its use allows to create horizontal, vertical and inclined flat surfaces.
Certain models even create decorative frames, or allow the cutting of joints. But, they also exist for use in metal, and now we will explore everything about each one.
What exactly is a planer?
If you made it this far, you already have a sense of how the planer works. And let’s keep talking about it, to help you choose yours.
Planers are tools that are used to thin, reduce dimensions, remove irregularities and perform artistic works.
They are perfect for use in places that are too small or too delicate to use a saw, and too large to work with sandpaper.
There are several accessories for working with wood, but the planer is the most essential!
What are the advantages and disadvantages of the planer?
First, they are easy to handle. In addition, it is a very versatile tool that allows multiple uses in a single instrument.
With a planer you can adjust the depth of the cut. Hand planers are inexpensive and require little maintenance.
But another advantage is that there are also electrical versions of this tool.
When thinking about shaping wood, the planer is the ideal tool.
Regarding the disadvantages, we can say that although it can regulate the depth of the cut, there is a limitation in this tool.
Compare its advantages and disadvantages:
Planers are so dynamic that, depending on the model, they can perform from rough grinding to the final leveling of a part. This is very useful in adjusting doors and drawers that do not fit well, or work on the furniture.
Why buy a planer?
They can be made of wood or metal (body), while the blade is always made of sharp metal. Most of them have a screw system capable of moving the blade, allowing a more dynamic use of the tool.
Currently, the model with a metal body is the most used, being easier to work and more accurate. In addition, they are able to slide on surfaces that wood is not capable of (moist or resinous), which is why they are the most common and recommended.
Although created for roughing and leveling, they have accumulated different functions over time. All related to the “cutting” of some material, but with different objectives.
Flattening a part can also shape it. Several of them are worked with planers for the formation of details. This brings exclusivity or specific use for the parts. Therefore, a planer is not only intended for use in joinery (or machining, if with metals). Even homework can demand a tool. Woodworking with a planner can help you create amazing things.
What is the difference between the planer, scraper and sander?
The materials and techniques for wood modeling are diverse. For carpentry mainly, different tools serve different functions, but can often be confused by amateurs.
Two other tools that can be used at any given time as planers are the scraper and sander. The planer you already know, now know the characteristics of these two tools that are also useful, but are different from the planer. Check out:
Scraper is a very flexible steel blade, important mainly in the surface preparation phase. It aims to eliminate possible risks for an excellent finish on wood.
They are generally used during the use of sandpaper or even after it. They have no depth adjustments or shaping capabilities, they simply scrape.
It can be manual or electric. The sandpaper has a rough side for use on surfaces in order to smooth them, eliminating lumps or flaws. It happens that by friction, it is possible to cause an unevenness in the place of use from the force used.
Sandpaper also requires manual labor that is more intense than that of the planer, and more stressful for the user. They are recommended mainly for small jobs.
To smooth and level, the action of the planer is much more powerful and precise, being able to remove even long shavings as it eliminates imperfections of the piece.
Electric or manual planer?
Different from each other by the technology used, and the way of handling, they serve the same purpose: flattening. Its function remains to make the surfaces worked flat, or to perform small works of recess and art.
Even so, choosing one of these types can cause quite stark price differences. We will leave to talk about prices later, in a specific chapter. Now let’s compare the two types of this tool:
How to use the planer on metals?
We know the purpose of a planer, and metal is no different. However, due to the hardness of the metals and the need for parts that are often giant, these planers are usually mechanical and not manual.
Its operating process operates in back and forth systems working the metal part in a straight line. The object is placed on a flat surface, and then subjected to the machine’s work.
There are several types of planer for machining (working with metal), with sometimes different characteristics: vertical, horizontal planer, vertical file and horizontal file.
When used in metal, planers have built-in tools that change the characteristics of the machine. Depending on the workpiece, a different design is required when machining. The main tools are:
- For roughing: remove a large amount of material in a short time.
- For smoothing: perform the finishing process of the piece, usually with rounded sets.
- Left: flatten parts on the left side only.
- To the right: flatten parts on the right side only.
- For tearing: create creases in the parts, such as grooves or grooves, even deeper.
How much does a planer cost?
Planers can be found at very variable prices in the market. Even the simplest ones have a wide price range. Part of what defines value is the quality of the tool and its application.
Speaking of manual planers, you can find good products on the market from R $ 50 and even reach hundreds of reais. You will identify yourself with brands and models as you use these tools.
For electric companies, this value starts at R $ 180, reaching thousands. It is worth remembering that industrial use is also considered. Remember to weigh your need before choosing the product.
Where to buy a planer?
Common tools, even planers have a specific purpose, being found in specialized stores. The best place to find them will be in building materials and joinery stores.
Now, taking advantage of the ease of the internet, and the possibility of receiving anything at home, this is a good option. You can do all your research in the comfort of home, choose and receive the product at home.
Online stores like Amazon have a large number of products available for your choice.
Purchase Criteria: Factors to compare the different planer models
Certainly you already have a lot of baggage on the subject, but you still need to consider some more details. To choose your ideal planer, you need to know:
- Type of planer
- Blade width
Below, check in detail each topic to know how to make your choice in complete safety at the end of this complete Buying Guide.
As we saw, the planer can be manual or electric, and this is the first point that you need to define. Obviously this choice is related to the work you do, the demand for use and your budget.
We saw that the manual is cheaper and requires greater effort and skill from those who operate. On the other hand, it allows finer adjustments and eliminates the need for electricity. See how a planer works on Adilson Pinheiro’s channel:
Type of planer
Planers can be divided into the types: stationary and portable.
The stationary planer , also called “bench planer”, remains attached to a base, or is even purchased as a large piece of equipment. Its purpose is mainly industrial, where there is a need for continuous repetitions of the same process.
Its purpose is quite diversified (if you also consider metal planers). In this type, it is possible to adopt a system different from the rotary piston. Different parts can be attached to the machine for different final shapes in the material.
The portable planer is more common, that of the tool box. In the case of electric ones, they usually have their own boxes for storage. They work dynamically, based on the user’s interest and ability.
They are usually used for both professional and amateur use, even for hobby. They are quite variable in size, power and uses.
Planers are usually accompanied by a number, ranging from 01 to 07. This marking indicates the width of the blade in the tool, something that will make work easier or harder.
The general recommendation is to purchase planes from number 02 onwards, as number 1 planks remove very narrow “slices” of the wood, requiring a greater amount of work.
In summary, the greater the number of the planer blade, the greater its width.
The engine is an important differential when dealing with electric planers. They usually come in two types: induction or universal motors.
Those with induction tend to be more resistant and durable than the universal ones, on the other hand, they are heavier. They are found mainly in fixed or industrial planers. In portable planers, the most common is the universal motor.
Once the type of engine has been defined, pay attention to its power. This is what will effectively show whether the planer will be efficient or not. The greater the power, the faster the work will be done, and with less difficulty.