Shampoo: How to choose the best in 2022
Today we are going to talk about shampoo, an indispensable product to keep the scalp clean and treat the locks.
As each hair has its needs, you will find several shampoo options: for normal, dry, oily and mixed hair and with detoxifying, nourishing, reconstructive and moisturizing properties.
To choose the ideal shampoo, you must take into account the type of hair and texture of your hair. To help you, let’s talk about the characteristics and functions of each type of shampoo, give tips on how to apply the product correctly and some purchase suggestions.
First, the most important
- The shampoo can be transparent, milky or pearly. The transparent cleans deeply, the milky moisturizes the threads, but the cleaning power is low, and the pearly is ideal for everyday use, as it washes and hydrates the threads in the right measure.
- If you have any changes in the scalp such as excessive oiliness, hair loss, dandruff or redness it is important to buy a treatment shampoo.
- When choosing a shampoo, avoid those with sulfate in the composition. This substance foams and cleans the hair deeply, but removes the lipid layer from the scalp, leaving the hair weak, brittle, dry and frizzy.
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Ranking: The 5 best shampoos on the market
Shampoo is essential in hair care, after all, this product starts cleaning and treating the hair. But shampoo is not all the same and it is important that you choose the cosmetic according to your hair type.
If you are in doubt about which shampoo to invest, check out our Ranking with some of the best products on sale.
There are those who say that shampoo is all the same and that whatever you choose, because the function is just to clean. But this is not true, the right product makes all the difference and can make your hair healthier, silky and shiny.
There are several options of shampoos, for normal, mixed, oily, dry and chemical hair. We will talk about the different types of shampoos throughout this Buying Guide.
What are the functions of shampoo?
The main function of the shampoo is to effectively clean the scalp without drying the hair. The product also prepares the hair for treatment (hydration, nutrition or reconstruction).
To ensure this effect, in addition to choosing the product suitable for your hair type, you should buy a quality shampoo. Ideally, it should be the same brand as the conditioner and treatment mask.
Shampoos can be transparent, pearly or milky, each has a different effect: the transparent shampoo cleans deeply, the pearly makes a gentle cleaning and the milky is a shampoo with moisturizing action.
- Cleans hair gently or deeply
- Prepares hair for treatment
- It has vitamins, amino acids and proteins that help in strengthening the hair
- There are products for all hair types
- Inappropriate shampoo can damage your hair
- Anti-dandruff and anti-dandruff shampoos come with little product
Which shampoo should I use on my hair type?
Normal hair has a natural balance of oiliness, which leaves the hair looking shiny and soft. This type of hair is easier to care for and the pearly shampoo with ceramides and keratin is ideal.
Dry hair has roots and tips with a dry, brittle aspect, without balance and with frizz. This type of hair should be washed with milky shampoo with moisturizing effect.
Hair with this texture is porous and easily loses nutrients. To avoid damage to the hair, invest in nutritious and moisturizing components such as vitamin E, vegetable oils, keratin and shea butter.
It is also necessary to choose a shampoo with a more acidic pH, below 7 (neutral), to keep the cuticles together. The result is softness, shine and ease to comb hair.
Mixed hair is oily at the root and dry at the ends, so you should invest in an astringent shampoo on the scalp and moisturizing conditioner or mask at the ends.
Oily hair has an imbalance in the production of fat by the sebaceous glands of the scalp, resulting in threads with a greasy appearance.
To wash oily hair, choose a shampoo with a more neutral pH, close to 7, so that the excess fat produced by the scalp is neutralized and the hair stays clean longer.
Oily hair should be washed every other day. Avoid daily washing, because if you remove the oil excessively, the body can understand that something is going wrong and further increase sebum production.
To treat this type of hair, it is worth investing in a transparent shampoo with citric acids and rosemary extract.
Although it looks strong, afro hair is one of the weakest and most brittle types. The constitution is similar to that of mixed hair, because the irregular shape of the strands makes it difficult to distribute oil.
To take care of this type of hair, the shampoo must be smooth, with an acidic pH (less than seven) and with moisturizing and nourishing components such as silicones and vegetable butters, which help the comb to slide.
It is also important that the shampoo has ceramides and keratin, but in less quantity, to prevent the hair from becoming heavy.
Curly hair also has difficulty in distributing oiliness through the strands, so it is important to mix shampoos for oily and dry hair, that way you will be treating the scalp and the length.
The way you will finish the curls also influences the choice of shampoo. If you want to define them, bet on shampoos with amino acids. If you prefer to reduce the volume, choose a silicone shampoo.
How to wash your hair properly?
Now that you know which shampoo to use according to your hair type, it is essential that you learn how to wash it properly, as it is useless to have a good product if you do not know how to apply it.
The ideal amount of shampoo is proportional to the size of a real coin. You should massage the scalp with your fingertips in a circular motion.
You must apply the shampoo twice, the first wash removes the dirt and the second prepares the hair for the next treatment step (conditioner or mask).
Ideally, you should choose a cleansing shampoo for the first wash and a treatment shampoo (reconstructive, moisturizing or nourishing) for the second wash.
Check out this video on Mariana Saad’s channel – which has more than 1.5 million subscribers – teaching the correct way to wash your hair:
What types of shampoo are there?
To keep your hair healthy and strong, it is important to choose the right shampoo, whether for daily use or treatment. Check below what are the different types of shampoos and what is the correct product for your hair.
The anti-residue shampoo provides deep cleaning and opens the cuticles of the threads to prepare them for treatment, be it hydration, reconstruction or nutrition or even a chemical procedure such as a progressive brush.
This shampoo leaves the hair stiff, embarrassed and with a dry appearance, so the frequency of use should be every 15 days for normal, oily or mixed hair and every 30 days for dry and chemically treated hair.
The moisturizing shampoo retains water inside the hair, preventing evaporation. The effect of this product is shiny, silky, soft and pleasant to the touch.
It is common for moisturizing shampoo to have ceramides, aloe vera, D-panthenol, vitamins and / or silk proteins in the formula. Nutritional compounds (oils) and reconstructors (proteins and amino acids) are also present, but in lesser quantities.
The moisturizing shampoo leaves the scalp and hair hydrated and healthy. But, this product is not suitable for those with mixed or oily hair, as it can overload the hair fibers and leave the hair with a heavy aspect.
The nourishing shampoo is based on vegetable oils (argan, olive, macadamia, castor, jojoba and avocado) and / or vegetable butters (shea, cupuaçu and murumuru). The effect of this type of shampoo is more full-bodied and very soft hair.
The reconstructive shampoo is indicated for those with damaged hair (dry, brittle, porous, thin and thin). The main reconstructive asset is keratin, an essential protein in the formation of the hair, but you can find other components.
In addition to the reconstruction of the wires, this type of shampoo helps in the replacement of lost mass in chemical (straightening, coloring or discoloration) or mechanical processes (hair that is stuck too tightly or subjected to the brush pulls).
De-yellowing / tinting shampoo
The de-yellowing shampoo is the beauty secret of blond women, since the blue or purple pigment present in the product’s composition removes the yellow or orange tone of the hair.
This type of shampoo should be used only once a week and it is essential that you respect the break time, as the de-yellowing shampoo can dry the hair and even stain it.
The post-progressive shampoo has a low pH, between 4.5 and 5.5, and acts on the hair without opening the cuticles too much, preventing the smooth effect provided by the progressive brush to come out quickly.
This product helps to rebuild the hair fiber, repairs the wires from the inside out, replenishes the amino acids lost during the chemical process, aligns the wires and controls the volume.
Shampoo for colored hair
The shampoo for dyed hair keeps the color alive, renews the structure and the hair fiber, returns the proteins lost with the chemical and forms a protective layer around the hair.
The formula can contain vitamin E, acidifiers, fruit extracts, amino acids and glycolic acid. You find specific products for red, brown and black hair.
The anti-dandruff shampoo is recommended for anyone suffering from seborrheic dermatitis (dandruff). This type of shampoo acts on the causes and symptoms of the problem. The effects are: control of excessive oiliness, reduced itching, burning and flaking.
This product can also have some extra benefits such as frizz control, thickening of the wires, mass replacement, hydration and nutrition. Generally the anti-dandruff shampoo has a milky texture and refreshing components such as mint.
What are the differences between pearly, transparent and milky shampoo?
The shampoo can be transparent, milky or pearly. The transparent shampoo (can be colored) leaves the hair cleaner from root to tip and is usually indicated for mixed and oily hair.
The recommended use is once a week for mixed or oily hair and every fifteen days for dry, chemically dried hair, as the product’s assets and alkaline pH can dry out the hair if this shampoo is used frequently.
Some people use the transparent shampoo before a treatment shampoo, with a milky or pearly texture.
Steffany Borges talks about this on her YouTube channel. Check out:
Milky shampoo is a little more dense because it has conditioning agents in the formula. It must be used with the wires very clean, that is, use a transparent shampoo or anti residue before.
Milky shampoo is suitable for dry, dry or chemically treated hair, but should be avoided by those with oily or very fine hair.
The pearly shampoo combines the cleaning power of the transparent shampoo (although it is milder) with the hydration capacity of the creamy / milky shampoo. It is indicated for daily use and recommended for all types of hair.
The price of a shampoo varies a lot, there are very cheap options, around R $ 20. If you want a better quality product, with selected active ingredients and professional results, you will find options between R $ 50 and R $ 80.
Imported shampoos, from renowned brands such as Kérastase, Joico and L’Óreal, cost over R $ 100 and can reach R $ 300, considering a medium-sized bottle.
Where to buy?
Shampoo is easily found in supermarkets, pharmacies and perfumeries.
If you prefer to buy over the internet, you can find products of various types, brands and price ranges in virtual stores, from the specialized ones, as in department stores Amazon.
Buying online you do not need to beat your leg looking for that shampoo that you wanted so much, find more attractive offers and even receive at the door.
Purchasing criteria: Factors to compare the different models of shampoo
many people have a habit of washing their hair every day. But most use the shampoo they find in the box, and often that product is not suitable for the texture, color and type of hair.
The hair will be clean, but it may lack vitamins, minerals and amino acids essential for the health and vitality of the strands.
In addition to choosing a shampoo suitable for your locks, you need to consider some characteristics of the product to compare it to shampoos with similar proposals, but from different brands:
- shampoo pH
- Other effects
We will explain each of the items throughout this section.
The hydrogen potential (pH) of the shampoo determines the level of cleanliness and hydration that the product will promote on the hair, so this is one of the most important factors when choosing a shampoo.
Shampoos with alkaline pH, between 7.5 and 8.5 open the hair cuticles, providing deep cleaning and removal of excess products such as other shampoos, conditioners, treatment creams and chemicals. The anti-residue shampoo is alkaline.
Products with acid pH, around 4.5, clean gently, as their action is aimed at hydrating the hair. The acidic pH seals the cuticles, retaining vitamins and nutrients within the hair.
Dry shampoo : in the form of a spray with a dry jet, this type of shampoo is ideal for those days when you haven’t had time to wash your hair and it looks dirty, smelly and oily. Here’s how to apply dry shampoo:
Shampoo two in one : it is shampoo and conditioner at the same time. The use of this product should be sporadic, as it does not fulfill either function as it should. This is due to the pH that cannot meet both needs.
Shampoo with sunscreen : this product, in addition to having agents that protect against UV rays, also has anti-aging components. Despite the protection, this product leaves the locks heavy and oily, so restrict the use to summer.
Toning shampoo : this product serves to revive the color and shine of colored hair or slightly change the color of natural hair due to the pigment present in the formula. Because of the low concentration of ammonia, the toning effect lasts for a short time, between six and seven washes.
Pre-shampoo : it has the function of protecting the threads and tips from the harmful effect of the shampoo’s cleaning agents. This product should be applied at length and ends before washing your hair.
Exfoliating shampoo : contains microspheres that exfoliate the scalp, removing dead cells, flaking and excess oil. Despite the detoxifying effect, this product should be used only once a month or every two months.
The smoothing shampoo is compatible with all types of hair, with or without chemistry, as it does not have formaldehyde in the product formula. To smooth out there are other components like salicylic, glycolic, lactic and hyaluronic acid.
This shampoo also comes with moisturizing, nourishing and reconstructive components such as keratin, amino acids, glycerin, coconut oil, among others.
Despite being a shampoo, this product should be applied to damp hair, strand by strand and should act for 20 to 30 minutes before being rinsed. Then you should dry your hair with a hairdryer and finish with a board, passing seven to ten times on each strand.
The amount of product that comes in the shampoo bottle can influence the choice, so be aware that you will find options with 120, 160, 200, 250, 300, 350, 400, 450 and 500 ml in versions for home use.
Some brands make shampoos available in larger glasses to the common public, with a capacity of up to 1 liter, if you choose this amount, you can share it with a friend.
Sometimes it is possible to save money with attractive offers, such as kits, for example. When purchasing a shampoo you can win another product of the brand to enhance the effects, such as conditioners, moisturizers or even a second shampoo.
These kits are more easily found on the internet. Since the purchase of a good shampoo requires a slightly higher investment than those found in the supermarket, it is worth paying attention to these offers.
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