Top & Best Aquarela Review 2021 – How to Select Ultimate Buyer’s Guide

Aquarela: What are the best options in 2021?

Giving rise to delicate paintings, with a certain degree of transparency and brightness, watercolor is one of the most used paints and is the theme of today’s article here!

With its appearance dated from the 2nd century BC, watercolor is produced with a series of ingredients and pigments and its use occurs from the mixture of paint with water, which is responsible for giving the effect so desired by artists and consumers.

And if you want to start venturing into the universe of this technique, but still have doubts about watercolor, know that you have just found the text that will answer all your questions. So, how about putting the music of the renowned Toquinho to play and keep reading to know everything?

First, the most important

  • Watercolor is a type of paint that should always be used in association with water to achieve the desired transparency effect.
  • There are different categories of watercolor defined based on the type of pigment used in its manufacture and there are school, student or semi-professional and professional ones.
  • It is possible to find this product in tubes, in liquid form or in tablets in the most diverse colors.

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Best watercolors: Our favorites

Available in different presentations, colors and kits, watercolor paints are produced by different brands and in an extensive range of tones. Precisely for this reason it is difficult to discover which ones have the highest quality and it is to help you with that that we have prepared this list with the best options, check out:

  • Watercolor paint case in tablet 12 Colors
  • Watercolor palette with 10 Colors
  • Reeves Watercolor Paint Case 12 Colors
  • Pentel Arts watercolor paint in 24 colors tube
  • Case with 12 colors of watercolor paint in tubes
  • Cotman watercolor paint
  • Van Gogh Watercolor 12 Colors

 

Buying Guide

Watercolor is one of the oldest paints with the most striking characteristics. Its transparency is the main one and thanks to that it is possible to create several striking paintings with a great amount of details and effects.

This product, widely used by professionals and amateurs alike, presents a series of peculiarities and curiosities and it is to show you all that we have prepared this Buying Guide. Here you will find information about the advantages of watercolor, its average price, how to use it and much more.

What is watercolor and what is it composed of?

Watercolor is a type of paint that needs to be diluted with water to be used. When it comes into contact with water, its pigments are transferred to the surface and thus give rise to painting.

When water evaporates, transparent spots are formed on the paper and with that the job is ready. It consists of four main ingredients which are:

    • Gum arabic
    • Pigments
    • Glycerin
    • Wetting agents

 

Gum arabic works as a binder, that is, it is responsible for fixing the color on the paper. Pigments are the ones that give the desired color to the paint and can be organic, inorganic or mineral and synthetic, while glycerin acts as a plasticizer aid.

As a result, watercolor is found in different shades and categories, with professionals, students and students, who are widely used by children.

In addition, this product is sold in tablets, liquid or in tubes, which can be purchased individually or in sets of pallets.

 

Did you know that gum arabic is also widely used in the pharmaceutical, food, beverage and cosmetics industry? It has the qualities of being totally soluble in water and being a type of safe binder, which poses no risk to users. Another curiosity is that Senegal and Sudan are two specialized suppliers of this raw material.

 

When did the watercolor come about?

The emergence of watercolor took place in the middle of the 2nd century BC. C. At the time, it was used to paint materials such as paper, leather and canvas. It was even thanks to the increased circulation of paper that this type of painting spread in the 15th century.

Another historical period in which watercolor was widely used was in the Middle Ages, when it spread to countries such as England, France and Italy, being widely used to paint wood engravings.

At the beginning of its use, the technique was not much appreciated since some considered it to be very feminine, of lower quality than other types of paint and that did not need as much technique from the painter.

At that time the pigments were removed from stones, plants and other natural components ground and mixed with ingredients such as oil, water and egg yolks. There were several raw materials that were used to extract the colors and the yellow tone came from saffron, the black from burnt or soot wood, the green of copper and the purple of ground sea shells.

 

What are the main properties of watercolor?

The watercolor paint has some properties that are essential to define its use and also the quality of the pigment used in its manufacture. Below we explain each of them.

    • Transparency : the main characteristic of a watercolor paint is its transparency and this is also one of its main properties. The greater the transparency of the color, the greater its brightness and thanks to this it is possible to create an overlay creating a new tone without them losing their shine.
      For this reason, paints that exhibit great transparency are considered to be of higher quality.
    • Opacity : There are watercolor paints that feature opacity and therefore have no shine. These can be used in conjunction with the shiny ones, which gives rise to the name of dirty mixture.
    • Colors with low adhesion : Still talking about colors, there are those with low adhesion. These have the characteristics of leaving the paper easier, which can be positive or negative. With these watercolors it is possible to remove the color in some specific points in order to create light effects or apply another shade in the place, not to mention that in case of painting errors this property also facilitates the repair.
    • Adhesion Capacity : In terms of adhesion, there are the inks that come out easier and those that are more difficult to remove from the paper. Usually those that have colors with little dyeing are the least adhered and therefore easier to remove.
    • Permanence : Another property that will determine the quality of watercolor paint is its ability to survive the action of time after painting. Inks that do not show good permanence end up modifying their properties, which can cause the color to change or even disappear from the paper.
    • Granulation : The last property of watercolor is granulation, which is something natural of this type of paint defined as the texture that appears when it is applied to a surface. In this regard, there are pigments that have a greater natural granulation and others in which this effect is achieved from additives.

 

What are the advantages and disadvantages of watercolor?

 

Watercolor is an ideal paint for delicate paintings and in which you want to obtain some degree of transparency and shine. Thanks to these characteristics, it is possible to superimpose colors to create new nuances.

Regarding acrylic paints, they have the advantage that when they dry, just dilute in water so they can be used again, thus having a high durability.

Another positive point is that this type of paint, if it has little dyeing, usually comes out easily with water and with that it is possible to create different effects.

However, it presents as a disadvantage the fact that errors tend to appear more when the watercolor is used, precisely because of its transparency, in addition to the fact that some cheaper paints end up having a lesser degree of permanence, which may change the colors of the painting over time. paint or even disappear.

 

Benefits

  • Ideal for delicate paintings
  • Features transparency and high gloss
  • Can be recovered if placed in contact with water
  • It is possible to create new nuances and different effects with it

Disadvantages

  • Usually shows more painting errors
  • Some have a low degree of permanence impairing the durability of the work

How to paint with watercolor?

You can use watercolor paint in a variety of ways and a good way to achieve good results is by creating an outline of the drawing. For this you can use a pencil or mechanical pencil with very smooth strokes on the dry paper, so that after entering the ink they do not appear.

Another way to use watercolor ink is to wet the paper before starting to paint, with this you can create different effects and mix colors. In addition, a tip is that the more water you use the more diluted and clear the ink will be.

With this, to get the desired color intensity you can have a scratch paper close by to make traces as the ink is diluted.

The brushes used for this technique are usually short-handled, round and the main properties of which must be soft and have a good capacity to carry the paint.

 

There are natural and synthetic hair options. The natural ones end up being more expensive, but they have a good tip, being able to be used in delicate works as well as in the most abstract and larger ones, having a superior quality.

In addition to the brushes it is also possible to use other tools such as curlers, sponges, crumpled paper towels, toothbrushes, files and blades, which give different effects in painting with watercolor.

Finally, remember that painting with watercolors is an exercise in patience. To control the ink on the paper it is important to always paint slowly, this way it will dry faster and there will also be less chance of spreading on the paper.

An essential tip when painting with watercolor is that before applying a different color to the side or on top of another it is important that what has already been painted is completely dry. If this is not respected it can end up causing a smudge and ruining the painting.

What is the difference between watercolor paint and gouache?

When thinking that watercolor is an ink that needs water to be used, many people confuse it with gouache, but in preparation and use both are quite different.

The gouache paint has a base made of water, gum arabic, pigment and a kind of white paint, which is responsible for making it opaque. Thanks to this it is possible to achieve darker and matte colors, different from what is achieved with watercolor.

The big difference between them is the fact that the watercolor has a more water-soluble base and therefore becomes more transparent. Gouache, like watercolors, is also water-soluble, allows for color mixing and quick drying, but unlike it, it is easier to use.

 

How much?

Watercolors are sold in different ways and it may be possible to purchase tubes, bottles and palettes with different amounts of colors. In addition, there are professional, student and school watercolors, which also changes their value.

In general it is possible to find this product for R $ 4, if we talk about unitary and school paints, up to about R $ 1,200, in the case of a professional kit with different colors. That is, it has options for all needs and pockets.

 

Where to buy?

Stores that sell painting and craft products are good places to purchase student or professional watercolor paints. School children are easily found in stationery stores.

The internet is also an excellent option to purchase this product. In it a wide range of brands, colors and options is found very easily and sites that sell this item are: Amazon.

Also know that it is possible to buy the items that are in our ranking and if you liked one just click on it to be directed to the website where it is being sold.

 

Purchasing criteria: Factors to compare the available Watercolor options

Now that you have discovered everything about watercolor paint, it is time to choose one to produce beautiful works and it is to help you in this task that we have separated the main points that you must take into account when purchasing, they are:

  • Watercolor classification
  • Pigment type
  • Ink presentation
  • Paper

Below we explain each of them and after that you will be ready to make your purchase and put the paint on the brush.

Watercolor classification

Watercolors are divided into three classes which are: professional, student and school.

Professional inks are manufactured with high quality and durable pigments, thanks to which they end up having a high price. Some brands that have products in this category are Winsor and Newton Artists, Daler-Rowney Artists and LUKAS Aquarell 1862.

The students are intermediate paints also called semi-professionals. They contain ingredients similar to the professional ones, making some substitutions with cheaper pigments or with less additives. They have a lower price and are manufactured by brands such as Talens Van Gogh, Schmincke Akademie, among others.

Talking now about school girls, these are made with cheaper synthetic pigments or even dyes, which makes them the most affordable. Some brands that usually work with school watercolors are Pentel, Faber-Castell and Reeves.

Pigment type

Another peculiarity of watercolors is that they can be manufactured with different types of pigments. Then there are the inorganic or minerals, the organic and the synthetic ones.

  • Inorganic or minerals : They have a mineral origin and were the first to be used in making the watercolor.
  • Organic : They are derived from plants and animals and are the least used, since they do not have high permanence and opacity. Even because they have animal origin, some cannot be produced due to the threat of extinction of certain species.
  • Synthetics : They are the ones that have more shine, permanence and quality, being the most modern and created from the manipulation of several chemical elements. These are usually the favorites.

Ink presentation

This type of ink is presented in tubes, lozenges and in liquid form. All of these types have the same quality, but which one to choose depends on the way of use.

The cases that have watercolor paints in tablets are easy to transport and often come with areas that work as paint palettes. The tubes are more suitable for larger paintings because they have a greater amount of product.

In the case of liquid watercolor, it is common to use it in creations that require greater vividness of colors, because they are more saturated than other presentations, not to mention that they end up drying faster as well.

Paper Type

Regardless of the type of watercolor ink to be used, know that the choice of the appropriate paper to make a painting is essential if we think about the quality of the work and the easiness to make it without errors.

It is important to know that watercolor is a very liquid ink and that it spreads easily on paper, with this very thin and poorly textured sheets, such as sulfite, will have a harder time keeping the drawing in the right place.

Therefore, it is important to choose a thicker paper with textures, which help to keep the ink more stable. There is the proper paper for watercolor painting, but if you don’t want to invest in one of these, look for one that has a weight greater than 200g / m2.

 

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